- Definition : A transitive verb is a verb which must be followed by an object.
- Examples : like - I like horses; borrow - Can I borrow your pen
- Some verbs, like those in the examples, are always transitive. Others can be used either transitively or intransitively (without an object) - eg study : He studies linguistics (transitive) or He studies every evening (intransitive).
- Verbs which take both a direct and an indirect object are known as ditransitive verbs - eg
I bought my grandmother some chocolates. my grandmother = IO; some
chocolates = DO
- In English, ditransitive verbs can be used with a S-V-IO-DO structure as in the example above, or can be used transitively together with a prepositional phrase acting as adverbial :
- This means that two alternative passive structures are also possible :
- Most ditransitive verbs must be followed by a direct object - eg: