An ELT Glossary : Clipping

Clipping involves the reduction of a longer word or expression to a shorter one by excluding some of its syllables. For example :

  • phone - from telephone
  • photo - from photograph
  • exam - from examination
  • gym - from gymnastics or gymnasium
  • flu - from influenza
  • fridge - from refrigerator
  • sitcom - from situation comedy

Clipped forms usually have the same denotation as the words that they are formed from, but may be associated with a more informal style than the original word.