An ELT Glossary : Pre-listening and Pre-reading Activities

  • Definition : Activities used before a listening or reading text in order to set the scene, activate schemata, provoke interest, provide scaffolding by eg pre-teaching vocabulary etc
  • Example : Before a listening on eg free time activities, students might be asked to discuss what they do in their free time and/or given a profile of the person talking on the recording and asked to predict what they think they do in their free time. 
  • Other stages of the listening activity may be While listening and Post-listening.
  • Pre-text activities which activate schemata help top-down processing in the While Listening stage.
  • An activity such as the prediction activity above generates its own gist listening task, as the learners can then listen to check their predictions.